(MULTI) (PDF) – Know your pollinators | Directorate-General for Environment

Pollinators help plants to reproduce. When they visit flowers, they transfer pollen between the male and female parts of plants so that seeds and fruit can grow. In Europe, pollinators are mostly insects, but we need the wind for cereal crops. Bees and hoverflies are top of the list, but butterflies, moths, some beetles and other flying insects are also important. There are thousands of differenttypes of wild pollinators in Europe, all with an important job to do. Numbers of wild pollinators are declining around Europe. New ways of using land like non pollinator-friendly farming, the expansion of cities, pollution, pesticides, non-native species and climate change all harm these animals. Some species could go extinct. We need to look after all pollinators for an environment that is healthy for us and the rest of nature. Above all, pollinators make it possible for us to eat many of our favourite fruit, vegetables and nuts. Around four in five crop and wild-flower plant species use animal pollination. Farmers rely on insects to produce many different types of crops that we need for a balanced diet. The environment also depends on pollinators. Thanks to them, wild plants can reproduce and provide fruits and seeds as food for other animals like birds. Some wild plants have even evolved to work with just one or a few types of pollinator species. Without the right insects to help them reproduce, they will also disappear. The more pollinators we have, the more wildlife we can have around us and the more our gardens and countryside will bloom.

Available in all the official languages of the EU except Irish

PDF file, 43 pages

via: Publications Office of the EU

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