Ports and harbours conduct four important functions: administrative (ensuring that the legal, socio-political and economic interests of the state and international maritime authorities are protected), development (ports are major promoters and instigators of a country’s or wider regional economy), industrial (major industries process the goods imported or exported in a port), and commercial (ports are international trade junction points where various modes of transport interchange; loading, discharging, transit of goods).
A port is a facility for receiving ships and transferring cargo. They are usually situated at the edge of an ocean, sea, river, or lake. Ports often have cargohandling equipment such as cranes (operated by longshoremen) and forklifts for use in loading/unloading of ships, which may be provided by private interests or public bodies. Often, canneries or other processing facilities will be located near by. Harbour pilots and tugboats are often used to maneuver large ships in tight quarters as they approach and leave the docks. Ports which handle international traffic have customs facilities. (Source: Wikipedia).
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