Items in this Dictionary have been researched by anthropologists, archaeologists, biologists, linguists, psychiatrists, psychologists, semioticians, and others who have studied human communication from a scientific point of view. Every effort has been made to cite their work in the text. Definitions, meanings, and interpretations left uncredited are those of the author. Gestures and consumer products with current trademark registrations are identified with the ® symbol.
[The Dictionary is designed as a free, online educational resource, and is not for sale or remunerative profit. Unauthorized versions of The Nonverbal Dictionary on the Web are neither updated nor endorsed by the Center for Nonverbal Studies.]