“Challenges that Novice Translators Encounter in Translating Contracts and Agreements in Jordan
التحديات التي يواجهها المترجمون حديثو العهد في ترجمة العقود والاتفاقيات في الأردن
Prepared by: Alaa Deen Mohammad Al Najjar
Supervised by: Professor Bader S. Dweik
M.A. Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in English Language and Literature
Middle East University (MEU)
Faculty of Arts and Sciences
Department of English Language and Literature
Second Semester, May 2010/2011
This study explored challenges that novice translators encountered in translating contracts and agreements in Jordan. Particularly, this study aimed at answering the following two questions: what are some of challenges that novice translators encounter when translating contracts and agreements? and what are the reasons behind these challenges? To achieve the goals of this study, the researcher selected two samples; a convenience sample for the test and the other for interviews. The convenience sample consisted of twenty (20) novice translators (male and female). This sample was selected from students who graduated andwere looking for a job with a translation agency chosen to take part in the study. The other sample consisted of two professors in translation and linguistics and three novice translators. The researcher prepared a translation test that consisted of two texts: a contract and an agreement. The two tests were selected from a legal translation book authored by Dr. Adel Saqf Al Hait and the participants were asked to translate these two texts. The researcher also conducted semistructured interviews (see p.34) with novice translators and experts in the field of translation to compile more information.
Results of the study revealed that novice translators faced different kinds of challenges when translating contracts and agreements. These challenges can be categorized into four broad types, namely: (i) semantic-related challenges (including mistranslations, comprehension-related errors, referential errors); (ii) style-related challenges (including misuse of capitalization, punctuation, formal and informal and usage of special modal verbs like “shall”); (iii) grammar-related challenges (including tenses and verb-subject agreement); (iv) research-related challenges such as googling (i.e. using Google Translation software haphazardly). The study also revealed that lack of courses on legal translation, poor researching skills, lack of knowledge of the proper use of translation techniques and lack of specialized legal dictionaries might stand behind these challenges.
The study recommended the following: – Novice translator should be trained in translating various legal texts translated by professional translators with a view to enhancing their performance. – Competent instructors and specialists should be selected to teach legal translation since they are knowledgeable in how to treat such challenges.”
PDF file, 160 pages
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