(AR) (EN) (PDF) – محاضرة في هياكل البناء | iugaza.edu.ps


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“… ﻟﺫﻟﻙ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺤﻭﺍﺌﻁ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻷﺭﻀﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﺒﻨﻰ ﻴﺭﺘﻜـﺯ

ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻜﺒﺭ ﺍﻷﺤﻤﺎل ﻭﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻟﺫﻟﻙ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺃﻜﺜﺭ ﺴـﻤﻜﺎﹰ
ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺘﻘل ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻜﺎﺕ ﻜﻠﹼﻤـﺎ ﺍﺘﺠﻬﻨـﺎ
ﻷﻋﻠﻰ.
… ﻭﻟﺫﺍ ﻴﺘﻡ ﻋﻤل ﺃﺴﺎﺴﺎﺕ ﻤﺴﺘﻤﺭﺓ ﺃﺴﻔل ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺤﺎﺌﻁ
ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻷﺭﻀﻲ ﻭﺒﻌﺭﺽ ﺃﻜﺒﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺤـﻭﺍﺌﻁ ﺤﺘـﻰ
ﻨﻀﻤﻥ ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ ﺃﺤﻤﺎل ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﺔ.
ﻨﻅﻡ ﺍﻹﻨﺸﺎﺀ ﺒﺎﻟﺤﻭﺍﺌﻁ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤﻠﺔ
Wall Bearing Systems
ﻨﻀﻤﻥ ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ ﺃﺤﻤﺎل ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﺔ.
… ﻭﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﻨﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ
ﻻ ﻴﺯﻴﺩ ﻋﻥ 5 ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺭ، ﻭﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ ﺫﻟﻙ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺤﻤـﺎل
ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻭﻗﻭﺓ ﺘﺤﻤل ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﺔ ، ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺘﻘﺴـﻴﻡ
ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﻨﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ:-
ﻤﺒﺎﻨﻲ ﻤﻘﺎﻤﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺌﻁ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻤﻠﺔ ﻤـﻥ ﺍﻟﻁـﻭﺏ ﺃﻭ
ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭ
ﻤﺒﺎﻨﻲ ﻤﻘﺎﻤﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺤﻭﺍﺌﻁ ﺤﺎﻤﻠﺔ ﺨﺭﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ”

 

Stefano KaliFire‘s insight:

PDF file, 55 pages

See on site.iugaza.edu.ps

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